Skip ToContent

Get In Touch With Us
(303) 797-1211

FREE Info Packet

Main Content

Women and Periodontal Health

Throughout a woman’s life, hormonal changes affect tissue throughout the body. Fluctuations in hormonal levels occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. At these times, the chance of periodontal disease may increase, requiring special care of your oral region.

Puberty

During puberty, there is increased production of sex hormones. These higher hormone levels increase gum sensitivity and lead to greater irritation from plaque and food particles. The gums can become swollen, turn red, and feel tender.

Menstruation

Similar symptoms occasionally appear several days before menstruation. Bleeding of the gums, bright red swelling between the teeth and gum, or sores on the inside of the cheek may occur. These symptoms generally clear up once the period has started.

Pregnancy

Your gums and teeth are also affected during pregnancy. Between the second and eighth month, gums may also swell, bleed, and become red or tender. Large lumps may appear as a reaction to local irritants. However, these growths are generally painless and not cancerous. They may require professional removal, but usually disappear sometime after delivery. Periodontal health practices should be part of your prenatal care. Any infections during pregnancy, including periodontal infections, can place a baby’s health at risk.

Oral Contraceptives

Swelling, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums may also occur when you are taking oral contraceptives, which are synthetic hormones. You should always mention any prescriptions you are taking, including oral contraceptives, prior to medical or dental treatment. This will help eliminate the risk of drug interactions, such as antibiotics with oral contraceptives, which lessens the effectiveness of the contraceptive.

Menopause

Changes in the look and feel of your mouth may occur if you are menopausal or post-menopausal. They include: feeling pain and burning in your gum tissue and salty, peppery, sour tastes, and “dry mouth.” Careful oral hygiene at home and professional cleaning may relieve these symptoms. There are also saliva substitutes to treat the effects of dry mouth.


Our Blog

Handsome men smiling
Taking Control of Your Dental Health After Addiction Recovery
Feb 11, 2019
Addiction to drugs or alcohol is a real disease that affects many lives. Most of these substances will cause significant…
Woman checking her breath
Tips on Keeping Your Breath Fresh
Jan 28, 2019
Bad breath can cause embarrassment and even withdrawal from family and friends. Using breath mints and sprays can minimize…
A pair of dentures
History of Dentures
Jan 14, 2019
Today’s dentures are more realistic looking and comfortable than ever before. However, the need for dentures goes back much…
Handsom man smiling
How to Prevent Dry Sockets After a Tooth Extraction
Dec 27, 2018
After you have a tooth extracted, there is always the risk that you may develop a dry socket. This is a painful condition…