Skip ToContent

Get In Touch With Us
(303) 797-1211

FREE Info Packet

Main Content

Women and Periodontal Health

Throughout a woman’s life, hormonal changes affect tissue throughout the body. Fluctuations in hormonal levels occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. At these times, the chance of periodontal disease may increase, requiring special care of your oral region.

Puberty

During puberty, there is increased production of sex hormones. These higher hormone levels increase gum sensitivity and lead to greater irritation from plaque and food particles. The gums can become swollen, turn red, and feel tender.

Menstruation

Similar symptoms occasionally appear several days before menstruation. Bleeding of the gums, bright red swelling between the teeth and gum, or sores on the inside of the cheek may occur. These symptoms generally clear up once the period has started.

Pregnancy

Your gums and teeth are also affected during pregnancy. Between the second and eighth month, gums may also swell, bleed, and become red or tender. Large lumps may appear as a reaction to local irritants. However, these growths are generally painless and not cancerous. They may require professional removal, but usually disappear sometime after delivery. Periodontal health practices should be part of your prenatal care. Any infections during pregnancy, including periodontal infections, can place a baby’s health at risk.

Oral Contraceptives

Swelling, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums may also occur when you are taking oral contraceptives, which are synthetic hormones. You should always mention any prescriptions you are taking, including oral contraceptives, prior to medical or dental treatment. This will help eliminate the risk of drug interactions, such as antibiotics with oral contraceptives, which lessens the effectiveness of the contraceptive.

Menopause

Changes in the look and feel of your mouth may occur if you are menopausal or post-menopausal. They include: feeling pain and burning in your gum tissue and salty, peppery, sour tastes, and “dry mouth.” Careful oral hygiene at home and professional cleaning may relieve these symptoms. There are also saliva substitutes to treat the effects of dry mouth.


Our Blog

Dental mirror tool near mouth
Signs that it’s Time to Schedule a Dental Checkup
Apr 10, 2019
We all know that we should be visiting the dentist every six months for a dental cleaning and a checkup. We know that tooth…
Mature gentleman smiling
Gum Disease and Alzheimer’s
Mar 27, 2019
According to a new article by the Washington Post, research suggests that even though family history plays a role in the…
Hand crushing cigarette
Smoking Tobacco after Dental Implants
Mar 11, 2019
While most people are aware of the negative health effects of smoking cigarettes and using other tobacco products, but…
Patient with doctor
Cancer and Gum Disease
Feb 25, 2019
More and more often we’re hearing of new research connecting oral health problems with overall health problems. And it’s not…